Journal of Applied Psychology 2008, Vol. 93, Number 2, 392вЂ“ 423
Copyright laws 2008 by the American Mental Association 0021-9010/08/$12. 00 DOI: 10. 1037/0021-9010. 93. installment payments on your 392
The Relationship of Age to Ten Proportions of Work Performance Jones W. L. Ng
The University of Hong Kong
Daniel C. Feldman
The University or college of Georgia
Previous testimonials of the literary works on the romantic relationship between era and task performance possess largely centered on core process performance but they have paid a lesser amount of attention to various other job manners that also contribute to productivity. The current analyze provides an broadened meta-analysis within the relationship among age and job overall performance that includes 10 dimensions of job performance: core process performance, creativeness, performance in training courses, organizational citizenship behaviors, safety performance, basic counterproductive job behaviors, workplace aggression, on-the-job substance use, tardiness, and absenteeism. Benefits show that although age group was generally unrelated to core activity performance, creative imagination, and performance in training programs, it shown stronger interactions with the different 7 functionality dimensions. Effects also highlight that the associations of age with core process performance and with counterproductive work behaviors are curvilinear in characteristics and that several sample features and info collection features moderate ageвЂ“performance relationships. The content concludes using a discussion of essential research design and style issues that might further knowledge about the ageвЂ“performance relationship later on. Keywords: grow older, aging, more mature workers, task performance, meta-analysis
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median regarding the American workforce continues to be increasing during the last 30 yearsвЂ”35 years old in 1980, 37 years old in 1990, 39 years old in 2000, and 41 years of age in 2006. This kind of trend is likewise evident around the world. For instance, Worldwide Labor Firm (2005) statistics indicate that young adults involving the ages of 20 and 24 were the largest segment of the doing work population in 1980. Nevertheless , by 1990 the 40 вЂ“34 age group was the greatest segment from the working human population, and today the biggest segment with the world's doing work population may be the age 40 вЂ“ forty-four cohort. Elderly workers have become an increasingly essential concern for organizations for reasons over and above their large numbers. The shift to an older staff has brought on many companies to spend more cash on sequence planning, pension check benefits, medical insurance, and insurance plans (Beehr & Bowling, 2002; Paul & Townsend, 1993). In addition , quite a few organizations have got concerns (and/or stereotypes) that older workers may demonstrate lower output (Avolio & Waldman, 1994; Greller & Simpson, 1999; Hassell & Perrewe, 95; Lawrence, 1996). For instance, compared to younger employees, older personnel are o as being less physically in a position, as more likely to have complications getting along with coworkers, as selecting to invest more hours in their people than in their particular jobs (Fung, Lai, & Ng, 2001; Paul & Townsend, 1993), as fewer technologically experienced, and as less willing to adapt quickly in volatile surroundings (Isaksson & Johansson, 2k; Riolli-Saltzman & Luthans, 2001).
Thomas T. H. Ng, School of Business and Economics, The University of Hong Kong, Pok Fu Lam, Hong Kong; Daniel C. Feldman, Terry College or university of Business, The University or college of Georgia. Correspondence regarding this article needs to be addressed to Thomas Watts. H. Ng, School of Business and Economics, The University of Hong Kong, Pok Fu Lam, Hong Kong. Email-based: [email protected] hku. hk 392
Previous research has produced combined results, however , regarding the precise relationship among age and job performance. In the three most-cited quantitative reviews with this literature, one found a moderate-sized positive relationship among age and performance (Waldman & Avolio, 1986), one located that grow older was mainly unrelated to performance (McEvoy...